Catalog of Beneficials by Rincon-Vitova Insectaries

More catalogs by Rincon-Vitova Insectaries | Catalog of Beneficials | 41 pages | 2006-12-19

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Page 15 of Catalog of Beneficials

beneficial target pest rate/freq code quantity price hippodamia convergens ladybird beetle convergent ladybug predatory beetle adults migrate to mountain valleys to hibernate where they are collected and refrigerated until sold 500/unit 2 units 5 units adults and larvae 10 units are both predatory release 20 units adults active early monitor spring lb2k 2,000/unit release again 2 units better in greenhouse if needed 5 units than outdoors 10 units release in evening laboratory reared 20 units sprinkle area with hippodamia available in lb4.5k 4,500/½ pint water place on pests units of 50 for $40.00 2 ½ pint 4 ½ pint attract ladybugs with 8 ½ pint insect food and 16 ½ pint new predalure pg lb18k 18,000 qt 42.00 lbhg 36,000 ½ gal 68.00 lbg 72,000 gal 2 ½ qt 31.00 half2 ½ gal 59.00 2 gallons quart of gallon of ladybugs 4 ½ qt 25.00 gallon of 5 ½ gal 56.30 5 gallons ladybugs ladybugs 8 ½ qt 23.00 10 ½ gal 55.00 20 gallons 20 ½ qt 21.00 10 ½ gal 52.00 40 gallons leptomastix dactylopii citrus mealybug parasite ­ see after cryptolaemus on page 11 aphids soft-bodied insects scale 1/ft2 gh ½-1 gal/acre 1-2 x lb500 13.00 11.00 7.00 4.50 3.15 16.00 14.70 9.50 6.90 5.50 19.00 16.00 11.40 9.40 7.60 80.00 71.00 66.00 63.50 61.50 scale biocontrols ­lindorus lopanthae and green lacewing favor soft scale if not too sticky cybocephalus is more specialized for certain scale cryptolaemus eat scale but need mealybug to lay eggs metaphycus helvolus attacks certain soft scale but is expensive and challenging to grow we may be losing availability aphytis melinus attacks certain armored scale but may not attack all species in a family use of appropriate species in sufficient numbers in regular releases can suppress or control infestations in two to three months then one to three releases per year should maintain control hot pepper wax sprays may help clean up some scale problems rate/freq code quantity price beneficial target pest aphytis melinus golden chalcid parasitic wasp parasitizes 2nd and 3rd instar female 2nd and pre-pupal male host feeds other stages cybocephalus nipponicus predatory beetle metaphycus helvolus black scale parasite parasitic wasp availability challenged armored scale california red citrus red oleander san jose ivy walnut dytyospermum and citrus yellow scale euonymus scale san jose scale 5k-10k/acre 1-2/ft2 gh 5-10/plant 1 wk i 3 x colony black scale 5/10 ft2 hemispherical scale 5-10/plant nigra scale ­ soft scale 1k­5k/acre in order of preference 1st and 2nd instar larvae 5,000/cup 2 cups 5 cups ap10 10,000/cup 2 cups 5 cups 10 cups cybo100 100/bottle 2 bottles 5 bottles mh100 100/cup 2 cups mh200 200/cup 2 cups mh500 500/cup 2 cups ap5 32.80 21.50 13.90 38.00 28.70 20.90 18.80 47.00 38.00 32.00 55.00 44.00 70.00 58.00 105.00 95.00 what we wish to emphasize is that pesticides often cause actual pest increases rather than controlling them and more and more frequently are creating new pests of species that formerly were innocuous rarities although the idea may at first sound counter-intuitive it can easily be demonstrated experimentally in the field paul debach and rosen 1991 page 14 rincon-vitova insectaries inc 2005 catalog of beneficials 800-248-2847 bugs www.rinconvitova.com