The Encyclopedia of MEDICAL ROBOTICS by World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd

More catalogs by World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd | The Encyclopedia of MEDICAL ROBOTICS | 4 pages | 2018-11-22


Page 2 of The Encyclopedia of MEDICAL ROBOTICS

the encyclopedia of medical robotics in 4 volumes volume 1 minimally invasive surgical robotics focuses on an area of robotic applications that was established in the late 1990s after the first robotics-assisted minimally invasive surgical procedure this area has since received significant attention from industry and researchers the teleoperated and ergonomic features of these robotic systems for minimally invasive surgery mis have been able to reduce or eliminate most of the drawbacks of conventional laparoscopic mis robotics-assisted mis procedures have been conducted on over 3 million patients to date — primarily in the areas of urology gynecology and general surgery using the fda approved da vinci® surgical system the significant commercial and clinical success of the da vinci® system has resulted in substantial research activity in recent years to reduce invasiveness increase dexterity provide additional features such as image guidance and haptic feedback reduce size and cost increase portability and address specific clinical procedures the area of robotic mis is therefore in a state of rapid growth fueled by new developments in technologies such as continuum robotics smart materials sensing and actuation and haptics and teleoperation an important need arising from the incorporation of robotic technology for surgery is that of training in the appropriate use of the technology and in the assessment of acquired skills this volume covers the topics mentioned above in four sections the first section gives an overview of the evolution and current state the da vinci® system and clinical perspectives from three groups who use it on a regular basis the second focuses on the research and describes a number of new developments in surgical robotics that are likely to be the basis for the next generation of robotic mis systems the third deals with two important aspects of surgical robotic systems — teleoperation and haptics the sense of touch technology for implementing the latter in a clinical setting is still very much at the research stage the fourth section focuses on surgical training and skills assessment necessitated by the novelty and complexity of the technologies involved and the need to provide reliable and efficient training and objective assessment in the use of robotic mis systems contents the da vinci surgical system a clinical perspective on the application of surgical robotics for radical prostatectomy robot-assisted coronary and mitral valve surgery minimally invasive robotic gastrointestinal surgery the dlr mirosurge surgical robotic demonstrator single-port access robots for mis a review of concentric tube robots modeling control design planning and sensing snake-like robots for minimally invasive single port and intraluminal surgeries flexible mesoscale robots for surgery robot autonomy for surgery haptics in robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery teleoperation for minimally invasive robotics-assisted surgery training and skill assessment for robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery — part 1 historical perspective and challenges training and skill assessment for robotics-assisted minimally invasive surgery — part 2 state-of-the-art techniques and technologies  2 sp jo 09 17 13 e.indd 2 in volume 2 micro and nano robotics in medicine a brief historical overview of the field of medical nanorobotics as well as the state-of-the-art in the field is presented in the introductory chapter it covers the various types of nanorobotic systems their applications and future directions in this field the volume is divided into three themes related to medical applications the first theme describes the main challenges of microrobotic design for propulsion in vascular media such nanoscale robotic agents are envisioned to revolutionize medicine by enabling minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures to be useful nanorobots must be operated in complex biological fluids and tissues which are often difficult to penetrate in this section a collection of four papers review the potential medical applications of motile nanorobots catalytic-based propelling agents biologicallyinspired microrobots and nanoscale bacteria-enabled autonomous drug delivery systems the second theme relates to the use of micro and nanorobots inside the body for drug-delivery and surgical applications a collection of six chapters is presented in this segment the first chapter reviews the different robot structures for three different types of surgery namely laparoscopy catheterization and ophthalmic surgery it highlights the progress of surgical microrobotics toward intracorporeally navigated mechanisms for ultra-minimally invasive interventions then the design of different magnetic actuation platforms used in micro and nanorobotics are described an overview of magnetic actuation-based control methods for microrobots with eventually biomedical applications is also covered in this segment the third theme discusses the various nanomanipulation strategies that are currently used in biomedicine for cell characterization injection fusion and engineering in-vitro 3d cell culture has received increasing attention since it has been discovered to provide a better simulation environment of in-vivo cell growth nowadays the rapid progress of robotic technology paves a new path for the highly controllable and flexible 3d cell assembly one chapter in this segment discusses the applications of micro-nano robotic techniques for 3d cell culture using engineering approaches because cell fusion is important in numerous biological events and applications such as tissue regeneration and cell reprogramming a chapter on robotic-tweezers cell manipulation system to achieve precise laser-induced cell fusion using optical trapping has been included in this volume finally the segment ends with a chapter on the use of novel mems-based characterization of micro-scale tissues instead of mechanical characterization for cell lines studies contents medical micro and nanorobotics nanoscale robotic agents in biological fluids and tissues catalytic-based propelling agents for biomedical applications biologically-inspired microrobotics nanoscale bacteria-enabled autonomous delivery systems nanobeads for cancer therapy electromagnetic actuated micro and nanorobots towards intracorporeally navigated untethered microsurgeons motion control of magnetic microrobots for nanomedicine modeling approach of transcatheter arterial delivery of drug-loaded magnetic nanoparticles laser-induced cell fusion by robot-tweezers manipulation 3d system cell engineering using micro and nanorobotics microscale sensors for breast cancer diagnosis world scientific 19/9/17 9:18 am